What Are the 13 Legal Categories of Exceptionality

In this example, the Ministry`s broad definition has been supplemented by the criteria that the school board will use to determine the anomaly. The Identification, Placement and Examination Committee must meet at least once a year to verify the identity and placement of the student. Since the needs of a student identified as exceptional are significant and likely to last a long time, the category of exceptionality remains the same in most cases throughout the student`s academic career. However, any annual review may include new information or updated assessments requiring consideration of the anomaly. For example, a young student may be identified as an extraordinary physical disability, but as they mature, they may become clear that they are intellectually gifted. Exceptionality can be transformed into Intellectual: giftedness. This is one of the reasons why parents should participate in every annual IPRC review. For more information on parenting, see Should I attend the IPRC`s annual event? The Identification, Accommodation and Audit Committee (IPRC) determines whether or not a student is in difficulty, based on the categories of anomaly established by the Ministry of Education and the criteria used by the school authority for identification. To decide if a student is struggling, the committee: If your child has problems at school, has social or behavioural problems, or if you suspect they have one of the 13 special education categories, you can request an assessment. Some school districts require you to meet with your school`s Student Study Team (OHS) before conducting an assessment.

If your child is not eligible for services under IDEA, they may be eligible for changes under Section 504 of the American Disabilities Act of 1973. Each of the 13 disability categories in IDEA can cover a range of challenges. Anomaly categories are based on students` learning needs, not diagnosis. For example, students with autism spectrum disorders are identified in the communication category because their learning needs are affected by the disruption of their communication skills. Similarly, students with developmental disabilities are identified in the intellectual category because their learning needs are significantly affected by their cognitive abilities. What is the link between a medical diagnosis and the abnormality? There are differences in the practices of different school boards and, in some cases, there may be a double exception or a primary and secondary exception. For more information on your school board`s practices, consult the board`s special education plan or ask school staff. Individualized instruction takes goals and objectives that the team has identified as essential for a particular student and then implements them in the classroom. This may mean that a student has and needs certain changes in the material, content or order of presentation, the way lessons are delivered, or the way he or she demonstrates his or her knowledge or skills.

Individualized instruction may also mean modifying certain goals and objectives so that the student learns only part of what other peers learn, or in some cases it may mean that students participate in a different program that may fit into the overall program but brings them closer to achieving goals and objectives. identified as essential for that particular student. So that means making changes to make sure the child doesn`t have a cookie-cutter approach. This means designing, executing and evaluating lessons to the end to ensure students progress and learn what matters most to them. And you always want to attribute that to the general content standards and benchmarks that all colleagues learn, but sometimes students also need to learn additional or different skills. The Ministry of Education has made it clear that it believes exceptionality categories include all diagnoses and disabilities because they focus on learning needs in broad categories of behaviour, communication, intellectual and physical.