Domestic violence, also known as domestic violence or intimate partner violence, is any pattern of behavior used to gain or maintain power and control over an intimate partner. This includes all physical, sexual, emotional, economic and psychological acts or threats of actions that affect another person. It is one of the most common forms of violence experienced by women worldwide. Violence against women and girls is one of the most widespread human rights violations in the world, occurring every day, many times, around the world. It has serious short- and long-term physical, economic and psychological consequences for women and girls and prevents them from participating fully and equally in society. The magnitude of its impact, both in the lives of individuals and families and in society as a whole, is immeasurable. The conditions created by the pandemic – including lockdowns, reduced mobility, increased isolation, stress and economic insecurity – have led to an alarming increase in domestic violence and exposed women and girls to other forms of violence, from child marriage to online sexual harassment. This FAQ provides an overview of the many forms of violence, as well as other commonly used terms that every equality activist should have in their vocabulary toolbox. Gender is the term used to refer to the social characteristics attributed to men and women.
These social characteristics are constructed on the basis of various factors such as age, religion, national, ethnic and social origin. They differ both within and between cultures, defining identities, status, roles, responsibilities and power relations between members of each culture or society. Gender is learned through socialization. It is not static or innate, but evolves to respond to changes in the social, political and cultural environment. People are born female or male (gender); They learn to be girls and boys, and then become women and men (gender). Gender refers to what it means to be a boy or a girl, a woman or a man in a particular society or culture. Society teaches the attitudes, behaviours, roles, responsibilities, constraints, opportunities and privileges expected of men and women in any context. This is a learned behavior known as gender identity. Child marriage refers to any marriage in which one or both spouses are under the age of 18. This is a violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states that “marriage may be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.” Girls are more likely to be child brides and, as a result, to drop out of school and experience other forms of violence.
Sexual violence is any type of sexual contact or behavior that takes place without the explicit consent of the recipient (Office of Violence against Women, 2017). Some forms of sexual violence are illegal, such as rape or posting or sharing photos without consent, often referred to as revenge. Others aren`t illegal, like sexually violent jokes, street harassment, or cat calls, but that doesn`t make them any less harmful to a person. Sexual violence can affect anyone, regardless of culture or identity (PCAR, 2017). This may include words and actions of a sexual nature, including but not limited to: Violence is often associated only with physical violence and neglects other non-physical forms. Violence is a complex issue and the categorization of different types of violence can never be accurate. A person agrees, when making an informed decision, to voluntarily and voluntarily agree to do something. There is no consent if consent is obtained by threat, force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception or misrepresentation.
There are also two other categories of violence: domestic violence and (sexual) harassment, both of which can be a combination of the five types of violence mentioned above. In reality, some or more forms of violence may be present at the same time, especially in abusive relationships. All forms can occur both in the private sphere (in families and intimate relationships) and in the public sphere, committed by (unknown) individuals in the public space or by organizations, institutions and states. Gender-based violence (GBV) refers to harmful acts directed against a person or group of people because of their sex. It is rooted in gender inequality, abuse of power and harmful norms. The term is primarily used to highlight the fact that structural and gendered power differences expose women and girls to multiple forms of violence. While women and girls suffer disproportionately from gender-based violence, men and boys can also be cared for. The term is also sometimes used to describe targeted violence against LGBTQI+ populations when it comes to violence related to masculinity/femininity norms and/or gender norms.
Girls and women are disproportionately affected by gender-based violence, particularly certain forms of violence such as child marriage, intimate partner violence, female genital mutilation, honour killings or human trafficking. That`s why Plan International is focused on ending violence against girls and young women – to meet their increased needs and defend their rights. Gender-based violence is also a growing problem in online spaces, with girls and young women reporting harassment and abuse. For many girls, there is pressure to leave online platforms or self-censorship to avoid abuse. This forces girls to change their behaviour, not the perpetrators, and must be challenged. Violence is a means of control and oppression that can include emotional, social or economic violence, coercion or pressure, and physical harm. It can be opened, in the form of physical attacks or threat with a weapon; It can also be hidden, in the form of intimidation, threats, deception of persecution or other forms of psychological or social pressure. The person affected by this type of violence is forced to behave as intended or act against their will out of fear. An incident of violence is an act or series of harmful acts committed by an offender or a group of perpetrators against a person or group of persons.
It can be several types of acts of violence repeated over a period of time and duration. It can take minutes, hours, days, or a lifetime. Sexual harassment includes non-consensual physical contact, such as grabbing, pinching, slapping or rubbing another person in a sexual manner. It also includes non-physical forms such as chat calls, sexual comments about a person`s body or appearance, requests for sexual favors, sexually suggestive gaze, harassment, and exposure of their sexual organs. Violence against women and girls is defined as any act of gender-based violence that results or may result in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women and girls, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life. Violence against women and girls includes, but is not limited to, physical, sexual and psychological violence that occurs in the family or in the general public and is committed or condoned by the State. Young people around the world share the most effective ways to address violence against girls and women. The concept of gender-based violence reflects the idea that violence often serves to perpetuate structural gender inequalities and includes the victimization of women, girls, men, boys, adolescents, and lesbian, gay, transgender and gender non-conforming people. Gender-based violence is largely male-dominated violence and is influenced or influenced by gender relations. Every month, hundreds of thousands of readers trust The New Humanitarian for quality journalism that contributes to more effective, accountable and inclusive ways to improve the lives of people affected by crises.
Honour killing is the killing of a family member, usually a woman or girl, for the alleged reason that the person has shamed or shamed the family. These killings often have to do with sexual purity and alleged transgressions by female family members. Our award-winning stories inform policymakers and aid workers, demand accountability and transparency from those who are supposed to help those in need, and provide a platform for conversation and discussion with and among those affected and marginalized. Gender-based violence has been described by the World Health Organization as a global public health problem of epidemic proportions and a fundamental violation of human rights. Relationship violence can include physical, sexual, emotional, economic or psychological abuse. Violence against women is defined in the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, adopted by the General Assembly on 20 December 1993, as “any act of gender-based violence that causes or is likely to cause physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering, including the threat of such acts, to women, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty; whether in public or private life.” It is a form of gender-based violence that includes sexual violence. The statement states in its introduction that “[violence against women] is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women that have led to the domination and discrimination of women by men and the impediment of the full advancement of women, and that violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a position of power. subordinate to men.” The term “gender-based violence” refers to violence directed against individuals or groups because of their gender.